In order to implement harmonization of Ukraine’s regulatory and legal framework with the EU’s requirements, the Ukrainian government will have to carry out an extremely large-scale work. It will be necessary to elaborate thousands of new regulatory acts and amend thousands of existing regulations.
But despite this scope of work, I don’t foresee particular problems with it. The majority of documents will be gradually developed and approved. The bureaucratic system set up to prepare and adopt these or those regulations will be doing it sooner or later anyways. And if we are thinking about technical regulations and other regulatory normative acts, it is not worth expecting hindrance in their enforcement apart from certain resistance on the side of these or those lobbyists.
At the same time, reforms which have to do with the formation of transparency of the activity of public authorities and social relationship will be most necessary and simultaneously most difficult to introduce.
Although this is where the reforms in Ukraine have to start from. Reforms in Poland, Georgia and Baltic states started with the formation of transparency of the society functioning system. This doesn’t require essential budget expenses and great changes of the legislation.
At the same time, all elements of the state system work much more effectively in conditions of transparency. This is a precondition for ensuring high-quality reforms and combating corruption in Ukraine.
Appearing on radio and television, I cite an example of the first step of David Cameron’s government in Great Britain very often. The coalition government of conservatives and liberals legislatively established that information on all budget expenses over 500 pounds has to be disclosed. It is clear that this step on its own couldn’t get Great Britain out of the economic crisis. But at the same time it showed readiness of Cameron’s government to carry out honest and transparent policy. Exactly such approach is that foundation on which trust and support of citizens in relation to the country’s government should to be based.
Taking this into account, representatives of the European Commission, Ukrainian non-governmental public organizations and mass media should pay the greatest attention to the process of elaboration and introduction of actions directed at achieving transparency in social relationship and activities of bodies of central and local governments at the regulatory level in Ukraine.
It is necessary to form public opinion and force political elite of Ukraine to adopt regulations at the legislative level which would provide openness and publicity of information on the ownership rights to hard assets, shareholders and owners of participatory interest in the capital of business entities, tax payment of enterprises. It is necessary to make information on income and expenses of civil servants, law enforcement officials, judges and members of their families open.
It is necessary to create an open electronic register of all expenses of the state and local budgets exceeding, for example, 10000 hryvnias (750 euros). It is clear that in this case information on some expenses connected with national security will remain concealed.
Information on all recipients of social privileges and special pensions also has to be open.
Considering the level of IT development, it is necessary to introduce the electronic governance system. All citizens are supposed to have the right to know about all documents considered by the authorities, and also about the stage their adoption is at.
I realize, how difficult the process of forming transparency will be for the existing political and business elites. But without this the country won’t be able to become really European and successful.